India’s largest and oldest coral reef is slowly dying away and its biodiversity is being lost as the world sees the decline of its richest jewel in the crown.
The Sundarbans coral reef, which lies just north of the Indian state of Kerala, is one of the world�s richest ecosystems.
It is a UNESCO world heritage site and a UNESCO World Heritage site in South Africa, which is also home to the world-famous Blue Nile coral reef.
But just last month, the Sundarban World Heritage Committee declared it a “threatened species” with the government of Kerala considering its extinction as one of its top priorities.
The government is also considering taking drastic measures to save the Sundarpan coral reef including moving it out of the national park and cutting down the water sources in its vicinity.
It�s an unprecedented move, said Manish Sharma, professor of coral reef ecology at the Indian Institute of Tropical Ecology.
It�s not an uncommon occurrence, but we know it�s happened before and this is a new phenomenon that is happening.
In Kerala, many people are aware of the Sundarban coral reef that is in the national parks, and people also realise that this is something that is extremely important to the state.
However, many others don�t realize that the Sundarambans coral is critically important to its ecosystem, Sharma said.
It provides a good buffer for corals in the area, and provides a habitat for the corals.
We have a large ecosystem, and it�ll take some time before it is completely gone, he said.
Sharma said that the number of people who have visited the Sundabans coral over the past two decades has decreased by 40 per cent.
In the last 20 years, there has been a drop in the number that visited the island, he added.
The loss of the reef has been linked to the decline in the amount of water in the Sundarahal, a large coral lagoon in the southern Indian state.
Water from the lagoon is pumped into the ocean, which then becomes trapped in the coral reef to prevent it from drying up.
But now, as the water level is rising, the coral is drying up, said Rajesh Rana, head of the Marine Biological Institute, a research institute based in Kerala.
The scientists who have studied the effects of the water being pumped into it have not yet concluded that the lagos water is the culprit, but the effects are already apparent, he told Al Jazeera.
It will take some more time before we know the extent of the damage to the Sundarkas coral, but that will be evident after the study of the impact of water on the ecosystem, Rana said.