The rapid destruction of habitat.
A decline in fish populations and the disappearance of fisheries.
The loss of fisheries and the consequent loss of the fishing industry as a major source of income.
The extinction of species.
The collapse of coral reefs and the threat of ocean acidification.
The impact of climate change.
Source: The Conversation title The top five environmental threats facing oceans: article Auto wreing.
This term describes the destruction of habitats, including coral reefs, as well as the loss of fish populations.
Fish stocks and fisheries are particularly vulnerable to environmental degradation.
Marine life is not only vulnerable to the effects of climate warming but also to the impacts of climate disruption and ocean acidifying.
As such, marine life is particularly vulnerable when ocean acidity levels rise due to climate change and sea level rise.
Sea level rise is also an ongoing threat to marine ecosystems.
It is a major factor in the depletion of biodiversity.
This is the disruption of weather patterns and the resulting effects on human health and wellbeing, especially as sea levels rise.
Ocean acidification is the result of the warming of the ocean due to human activities, including greenhouse gases.
It also affects the water quality in the ocean and increases the risk of the introduction of viruses.
Coral reefs are particularly at risk of this.
A coral reef is a reef-like structure made up of coral, sponges and other organisms that are protected from the effects that warming will have on the water.
The coral is a key component of the reef system and provides the foundation for the coral to grow and survive.
The destruction of reefs can have significant impacts on the economy of coastal nations.
The United States and other nations depend on the reef ecosystem for income and jobs.
The world economy is expected to shrink by $3 trillion by 2035 as a result of climate-related impacts, according to the International Monetary Fund.
Source : The Conversation