A deep ecological footprint assessment has been launched by the UN and developed by researchers at the University of Bristol.
It aims to help governments better understand the long-term effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services, including soil erosion, plant biodiversity and biodiversity-dependent fisheries.
It could help governments tackle a number of issues, including how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and what measures should be taken to adapt to future climate change.
The report, called Deep Ecological Footprint Assessment, is due to be released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in September.
According to the report, it is “highly likely” that global warming will cause a 10% decrease in the amount of rainfall on land by 2100.
The report predicts that this will be a particularly devastating effect on soil erosion and biodiversity, with the average loss of soil surface water for a 5-meter (20-foot) square plot of land expected to be around 10%, with the worst effects affecting cropland and wetlands.
In the US, the report found that climate change is likely to increase the risk of coral bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef and the impacts of sea level rise.
In the UK, it found that temperature and sea level have the most significant impact on coral reefs.
This is not the first time that scientists have looked at the effects of global warming on the earth’s ecosystems.
In 2014, a study published in Nature Climate Change found that, compared to previous warming, global warming is likely not only to worsen the effects caused by acidification of the oceans, but also to accelerate global land degradation.
“Our study provides the first scientific evidence that climate impacts are being exacerbated by global climate change,” said lead author Dr. Thomas Koehler of Bristol University, “It is important to emphasise that we cannot rule out that global temperature change may be the dominant factor in this, but the magnitude of the impacts is so far unclear.”
This article originally appeared on Newsweek UK