A team of scientists from Australia and Japan have developed a new way of thinking about the future of our planet and its ecosystems.
Their research, published today in the journal Science Advances, has found that as humans continue to develop new technologies and create new communities, we may be able to use data from the world’s ecosystems to predict the ways people will respond to environmental challenges.
This is an opportunity to build a better understanding of the role of our environment in our societies and the future course of human evolution, the researchers say.
The researchers at the University of New South Wales in Sydney and Japan’s Kyushu University say they developed the new framework for understanding how humans might respond to climate change and how ecosystems respond to natural disasters.
“The ecological framework is a way of making sense of the information we have about the world around us, what it means to be human, and how we might respond,” said lead author and ecologist and climate scientist Tomoaki Tanaka.
“It’s the foundation of our understanding of how humans may adapt to the world.”
This framework can also help people make better decisions about how to deal with natural disasters, he said.
The team used a combination of climate modeling, evolutionary theory and a model of human history to predict what humans might do in response to an expected future climate change.
“If we can look back in history, we can see what the natural environment did, and we can predict what people might do about that,” said Professor Tanaka.
The findings are an important contribution to the understanding of human behavior and ecology, he added.
“We’ve developed a framework for thinking about how the world is going to look in a very long time, and this can help us to make better environmental decisions in the future,” he said .
“The idea is that in the past, people would have been very cautious about this kind of thing because they thought they were making the wrong choices.”
The researchers used the framework to develop a framework to understand how humans could respond to the changing climate.
“One of the things we’re trying to do with this framework is look at how the evolution of the world changed during the last five million years, and see how the climate has changed over that time,” said Associate Professor Masahiro Fujita of the Australian National University.
“How has the evolution changed in the natural world?
And how has it changed over the last few thousand years?”
We can then go back to the beginning of time and see what happened.
“Professor Fujita’s research focuses on how the evolutionary process, which we think of as the process of evolution, affects the environment.”
So we’re looking at how different types of animals evolved and how they adapted to different environmental conditions,” he explained.”
For example, when you’re growing up, we tend to look at animals that are small and they have a small brain.
But if you look at an animal that is big and has a big brain, it might look like it’s struggling for survival.
“Scientists have long used the model of evolution to model human behavior.”
Many people believe that we evolved in a single, fixed way, and that’s what we need to understand to make sure that we don’t make the same mistakes again in the next 100 years,” Professor Fujita said.”
I think the framework we’ve developed allows us to look back and see if we can learn from the evolution, and then to apply that knowledge in our own life.
“The framework is based on two main ideas.
First, it explains how evolution has influenced human behavior, and second, it uses that information to predict where we might be in the near future.”
What we’re doing with the framework is not just about trying to predict climate change, but also about the next 20 years and the next 200 years,” Associate Professor Tanaka said.
What’s more, the framework gives us an idea of where we could be in 100 years.”
Now we can take this information and say, ‘what can we do to protect the environment?’
“He said the framework was designed to be used by scientists as a tool to understand what we might need to do to adapt to climate changes in the longer term.”
This is not a blueprint of what we should do in the short term, but it is a tool that we can use to understand the evolution and how humans are going about adapting to climate changing,” he added.”
We are now able to do something like a ‘scenario modelling’ of what the climate will look like in the end, and predict how we are going the other way in terms of our own behavior and the evolution that we are having.
“In a lot of other areas of science, like climate change modelling, people are trying to estimate how the environment is going, but we can now look at the evolutionary and natural history and say what the next 50 years might look, and what the consequences are,” Professor Tanaka added.