The seas are warming, the air is drying out and the planet is losing mass, but that’s just the beginning of what is happening to our oceans, says Michael Klump, a professor at the University of Hawaii and an author of the book “Ocean-Efficiency: How to Save the Ocean and the Planet.”
Klump’s work shows how to improve the efficiency of water recycling, and he says that the problem is more than just the amount of water the oceans use.
We need to consider the other things that we are taking out of the ocean, too.
“In terms of the ecological impact of water, the oceans are a major source of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide,” Klump says.
“These are not carbon dioxide or methane emissions.
The carbon dioxide is being absorbed into the oceans, and these are the emissions that we would need to change to get a net positive emissions effect.”
There are several methods of improving the efficiency and sustainability of recycling.
One is by converting to a liquid bioreactor, a process where a chemical reaction generates carbon dioxide.
This is achieved by treating the wastewater with a catalyst to make it an acid, and then treating it with a different catalyst to remove carbon dioxide from the water.
Another is to use recycled chemicals, such as ammonia or ammonia-rich water.
These can be extracted from sewage or other materials, and are often stored as an industrial waste stream.
Another option is to add seawater, which can then be reused for other uses.
Another technique involves adding a new chemical compound called a nitrate to the water, which has a higher carbon-nitrogen ratio.
Nitrates are commonly used to treat wastewater as a fertilizer.
“Nitrates are very valuable in bioremediation,” Klum says.
They are very reactive to sunlight, so the addition of nitrogen to the wastewater can reduce its impact on the environment.
Another type of bioreaction is a membrane bioreactors, which involves using the water to trap dissolved carbon dioxide in solution.
The water is then added to the bioreacting process, which generates nitrous oxides, which are released into the water and can be reused as a natural fertilizer.
The final type of method involves using biological materials that can remove waste from the ocean by breaking down the water molecules.
In this case, the bacteria use nutrients from the bacteria to break down the molecules.
“We’re getting rid of the waste by breaking the water down into the organic matter,” Klamp says.
In the United States, about 70 percent of the world’s wastewater is produced by bioreactive processes.
But while bioreactions can be very efficient, they are not a panacea.
In fact, the amount the world gets from the oceans each year depends on how much water it is recycled, according to Klump.
This can be a problem in areas where people live close to water, where they often drink the water or where the land is very high in nutrients.
“The more water we use, the more we get from the land, the less the ocean gets,” Klamps says.
The key is to have enough water in the ocean to support all the nutrients that the oceans need.
“There are no big ocean economies that are built around water recycling,” Klumps says.
So if we are going to save our oceans from the impacts of climate change, we need to think about the oceans as a whole, he says.
More information on ocean-efficiency: “Ocean Efficiency: What We Need to Do to Save Our Ocean and The Planet” is available at: http://www.aljazeera.com/environment/article/2013/03/how-to-save-the-oceans-and-the-(planet).html